Candidate of Chemical Sciences
"The Nature is simple and not luxuriates
by the excessive reasons of things"
Use medicinal bitumen (mummy) in national medicine totals over 2 thousand years -
however the mechanism of its formation is unknown till now.
2. Repeated formation of oil. In a picture a well, in a local dialect named
"the Nobel well" which is drilled about 1850 year by the company "Nobel Brothers"
on peninsula Cheleken on the Caspian coast (Turkmenistan) is much lower shown.
From this chink all oil available under it in due time has been extorted and further
after full operation it have preserved, and a mouth have concreted that from a well
the mix of water and oil which polluted environment subsequently began to flow.
However, despite all attempts to stop inflow of oil with water, till today from
this and others round chinks, oil constantly arrives on a terrestrial surface (fig. 2).
About repeated formation of oil the mentioned below information is interesting also:
"On a number of oil wells oil stocks began to be restored by unexpected image.
One of first such paradoxes has been found out in an oil field in Tersko-Sunzhensky
area, nearby to Grozny. The first wells here have been drilled in 1893, in places
of natural ingress of oil. In 1895 one of wells from depth of 140 metres has given
a grandiose fountain of oil. In 12 days of spouting walls of an oil barn have failed
and the oil stream has flooded towers with a number of the located wells. Only after
three years the fountain managed to be tamed, then it has run low and from a gushing
way of an oil recovery have passed to the pump. To the beginning of Great Patriotic
War all wells strongly filled up with water, and some of them have preserved.
After approach of the world extraction have restored, and, to general surprise,
almost all highly filled up with water wells have started to give waterless oil!
Inexplicably wells have received "the second breath". After even half a century
the situation has repeated. To the beginning of the Chechen wars, wells again were
highly filled up with water, have essentially decreased them flow rates, and during
wars they were not maintained. When extraction has been renewed, flow rates have
considerably increased. And the first small chinks of a steel through out of pipeline
space again высачивать oil on a terrestrial surface. Supporters of the biogenic
theory were in perplexity whereas "inorganic" easily explained this paradox to that
in the given place oil has an inorganic origin. Something similar has occurred in
one of the world's largest the Romashkinsky oil deposit too, which is developed
already more than 60 years. By estimations of the Tatar geologists, from deposit
wells it was possible to take 710 million ton of oil. However for today already
have extracted almost 3 billion tons of oil here! Classical laws of geology
of oil and gas cannot explain the observable facts. Some wells as though
pulsed: falling rate was suddenly replaced by their long-term growth. The pulsing
rhythm has been noted and at many other things chinks in territory of the former
3. Existence of hydrocarbons in some planets of solar system where there
are even no signs of a life. For example, methane СН4 is found out on
the Neptune, Pluto, Uranium, Saturn, and on Jupiter except it are found out ethane
С2Н6 and even acetylene С2Н2 . By
the way, on Jupiter there is also a magnetic field  that is an indicator of presence
of an electric current in a planet and, as consequence hydrocarbons and what communication
between them it will be clear from the text stated more low.
4. Prevailing allocation oil and gas deposits along broken and crumbling
earth crust zones, in parallel large to orogenic and volcanic dispositions.
5. A practical constancy of concentration of oxygen and carbonic gas in atmosphere
at steadily increasing consumption of combustible minerals and accordingly oxygen
at a constancy (or even reduction) a vegetative earth's mantle, inexhaustibility
of stocks of combustible minerals and others.
Let's begin with problem statement.
That any theory in the field of natural sciences - in particular concerning energy
and power questions - had chance of existence, it should be not only in the contradiction
with fundamental laws of natural sciences and logic, but should be in the full consent
with them. One of such laws is the first law of thermodynamics or on another named
"the Law of conservation of energy" which sense consists that energy cannot neither
be created, nor to destroy - it passes from one kind to another. This position we
take as the base on which we will try to construct the theory of formation of oil
and further and all other combustible minerals.
So, oil is a power material or in another way comprises energy. If energy naturally
there is a question - whence it took this energy from it or, speaking thermodynamics
language - what kind of energy has turned to energy of oil? This question
will be a general line according to which search of ways of working out of the theory
of formation of oil will be spent.
Problem of creation of the new theory of formation of hydrocarbons we will formulate
in the form of the decision of a return problem of full burning of hydrocarbons
in the presence of oxygen (why so - it will be clear from the further statement).
heir most simple representative is methane - СН4. We will write the chemical
equation of its full burning in the presence of oxygen:
The origin of chemical processes on the equation (2) means convertibility of the
equation (1). It means convertibility of the processes described by these equations
that is in the full consent with the Law of the convertibility, being the fundamental
law of the Nature and a basic conclusion from the linear disbalance of thermodynamics
 which bases are developed by the Turkmen scientist, the professor M.Mamedov.
There is a second natural question - whether there are experimental data - as the
basic criteria of true - concerning electric restoration of carbonate connections
to the lowest degrees of oxidation of carbon? Yes - these processes successfully
proceed in reactors- electrolytic tanks . Besides, at restoration окиси carbon
on the cathode are formed a mix of hydrocarbons - methane, ethane, ethylene - on
or at restoration of dioxide of formic acid:
And, processes of restoration of chemical substances, including carbon, occur both
on constant, and on a variable electric current .
So, intermediate conclusions:
1. Both theoretical and experimental base of the offered electrochemical theory of
formation of oil strong enough.
2. At electric current carrying out through the oxidized forms of carbon they are
restored to less oxidized forms, sometimes completely - to hydrocarbons.
Following conditions are necessary for electric restoration carrying out carbonate
connections in electrolytic tanks: - presence of the electric conductivity environment;
- electric current presence; - presence of carbonate a material for electric restoration.
If we show, that there are same or close conditions for the above-stated process,
as well as in electrolytic tanks in Earth crust it will grant to us is right to
admit idea about an origin of similar processes and in Earth`s crust.
Well-known, that the Earth electric conductivity and an electric current in it arises
as thanks to influence of a stream of solar plasma (so-called "the Solar wind") on
magnitosphere, indignations in which leads to the Terrestrial electricity - to a
stream of the charged particles in the Earth - electrons, ions - in the directions
corresponding to laws of electromagnetism [8,9], and the possible thermo current
directed from very hot centre of the Earth (5 000 °С)  on all surface of the Earth.
Presence of constantly existing magnetic field of the Earth  - the direct proof
of existence of a constant electric current in it. As the thermo current is by the
nature a current to constants, that field created by it too should be to constants.
If the constant magnetic field of the Earth makes 99 % of all magnetic field of
the Earth logically it turns out, that in the Earth the direct current operates
basically and it should be caused a heat of the centre of the Earth though classical
the geo electrician the reason of Terrestrial currents carries to indignation magnetospheres
of the Earth "the Solar wind".
Presence of carbonate materials in the Earth does not cause doubts - in structure
practically all rocks limestone, dolomite and other carbonates, as a rule, enter.
In the given work all is meant carbonates mineral, and also to some extent oxidized
connections of carbon.
So, it is specified in presence in Earth crust of all conditions of electric restoration
of carbonates - it electric conductivity, in it the electric current flows and
in the same place there is a considerable quantity carbonate minerals.
It is known , that the greatest number of oil deposits geysers, mud volcanoes,
sources of hot or warm waters are located on borders of tectonic plates which separate
from each other the spaces, by the filled liquid magma which external display are
volcanoes. In other words, it is sites on a terrestrial surface in which the greatest
stream of heat from Terrestrial bowels is found out.
According to principles of linear disbalance of thermodynamics if there is at least
one stream in any direction there are all other streams. Us theoretical possibility
of a stream of an electricity from the centre of the Earth to its surface in this
case interests. Last achievements of the thermodynamic theory, more precisely, a
principle of totality of the streams, being one of conclusions of the linear disbalance
of thermodynamics which working out as above about it is mentioned, connected with
a name of the professor of M. Mamedov, also confirms theoretical possibility of
a thermo current.
From these reasons there is clear a reason of a primary arrangement of oil deposits
on borders of geological "tectonic" plates - naturally, that with other things being
equal where the greatest stream of heat and accordingly an electricity, the is more
than oil and gas.
So, the above-stated information leads to such logic conclusion: oil is formed
in bowels of the Earth thanking passages through carbonates and water of terrestrial
electric currents. In other words, under the influence of the terrestrial electric
currents created by a heat of Terrestrial bowels, there is a transition of inorganic
carbonates in organic, on another named "combustible minerals".
For the most vivid presentation, we will consider a full cycle of formation, combustion
with energy reception on a terrestrial surface and absorption of products of combustion
(CO2) the Earth for methane which is the most simple hydrocarbon - on
that way which is offered in the given theory:
Let's comment on the equations (1-5).
The equation (1) means, that warmly the Earth which as a matter of fact is a version
of energy which it is designated through-E, gives by the ground a stream electrons
e - or simply current (whereas energy is taken out from system). Further this stream
electrons, having passed through a carbonate of calcium and water (2), restores
carbonate carbon and hydrogen of water with methane formation, hydro oxide, oxide
of calcium and hydro oxide groups.
Hydro oxide groups are transferred on "go-ahead reactions" through a drainage cover
of the Earth and through oceans are taken out on a surface of the Earth in the form
of oxygen and water, preliminary being exposed to reaction re-combination, thus
electron comes back also in a starting point (3). The formed methane in the form
of natural gas is taken out on a surface of the Earth and used as energy (4) and
that initial energy E which, as a matter of fact, is warmly the Earth, transformed
to a thermo current and further methane in the form of energy of chemical bonds
in a methane molecule is thus allocated. Thus also carbonic gas and water are formed.
Further the formed water joins in the general water cycle in the nature, and carbonic
gas through water tables and a drainage cover of the Earth finally gets to that place
in the Earth, whence it have taken in the form of methane. Naturally, thus it will
be instantly seized hydro oxide окисью calcium with formation of a carbonate of
calcium. And, the equations (1), (2), (3), and also (5) describe the processes occurring
in bowels of the Earth, and the process described by the equation (4) occurs on
a surface of the Earth.
Thus, our "travel" on the equations (1-5) has led us to the initial equation (1),
on the basis it is quite natural to believe, that we deal with cyclic process.
The equations (1-5) give exact material balance that is additional argument in favour
of the offered theory.
(1-5) processes described by the equations for methane as from set of variants of
processes of formation of combustible minerals, it is possible to represent a special
case the below-mentioned equations (6-10) for all combustible minerals:
Thus, it is possible to present the above-stated processes described by the equations
(6-10) in the form of cyclic process, as set forth below.
As this cycle describes formation and use of all usual combustible minerals and
whereas they make a basis practically all (about 90 %) the power used by mankind
it is logical to name it "the Global power cycle".
Letters n and m in indexes and factors have identical values. It is natural to believe,
that factors n and m are functions from the parametres characterizing conditions
of an origin of process.
Whether but takes a place allocation of oxygen from the Earth?
Yes, this process takes place in the nature. We will pay attention to the following information.
"It is known, that the basic supplier of oxygen in atmosphere is not the vegetation,
and world ocean" [12,13]. Quite natural a question - and in ocean it whence arrives?
The matter is that apparently from a picture and from the equations above, as a
product of reaction of electrorestoration of carbonates the hydroxyl group representing
the charged chemical particle is formed. It, as well as proton Н +, possesses property
to be transferred on a water chain on huge distances thanks to so-called to "relay-race
reactions"  on a drainage cover of the Earth [15,16] under the scheme:
and so on, while hydroxyl groups will reach a water table where there will be their
discharge to oxygen formation under the known scheme:
and finally oxygen will get to atmosphere, clearly, through water surfaces.
Whether takes a place the fact of absorption of carbonic gas the Earth? Yes, is available.
We will address to the facts.
"Ponds and other small fresh-water reservoirs absorb carbon from atmosphere in
much bigger quantities, than it is considered to be. John Downing and its colleagues
from University of Iowa have shown it on an example small "farmer ecosystem".
They have come to conclusion, that, first, on the cultivated earths USA small ponds
absorb at 20-50 times more atoms of carbon, than the trees planted on the same area.
And, secondly, in the ratio absorption - the area, ponds considerably overtake the big lakes.
By estimations of scientists, in the world about 300 million natural ponds and lakes,
the total area about 4,2 million км2, that twice more resulted before numbers. More
than 90 % of these reservoirs the area are less than hectare. According to Downing,
the contribution of ponds and lakes in carbon circulation is not less, than at oceans
with all their seaweed " .
It is natural, that the carbonic gas dissolved in water also moves in subsoil the
Earth on a drainage cover of the Earth and eventually gets to that place, whence
it have taken in the form of combustible minerals.
Thus, carbonic gas and oxygen move in a countercurrent.
Finding hydrocarbonic deposits and earthquakes to borders geological (also named
"tectonic") plates, according to positions of the given theory of formation of oil,
suggests, that probably earthquakes occur when carrying out of oxygen from an electrorestoration
zone is complicated or impossible because of various character of factors - in view
of formation of "a rattling mix", representing a mix of oxygen with fuel. It is
logical to suppose, that braking of tectonic plates occur thanking these explosions.
Generalising all aforesaid it is possible to ascertain, that the given theory applies
for a theoretical establishment of existence of some unknown before natural phenomena
- thermocurrent presence in the Earth because of a heat of its centre, formation
of combustible minerals by means of passage of terrestrial currents through carbonates
and water, and also known before natural phenomena, such as receipt of the basic
volume of oxygen in atmosphere through oceans, absorption of carbonic gas by the
Earth and the new point of view on earthquakes.
So, if basically will not fall down warmly the Earth and the Sun will shine - oil,
gas, a corner will be always! It is the basic conclusion from the offered theory.
In this connection the concept "not renewed energy sources" to which till now have
carried hydrocarbons, loses sense as they, as shown, renew. And, according to the
logic of things it turns out, as repeated formation of hydrocarbons and coal will
occur basically in the same geographical co-ordinates where they were formed till
now and continue to be formed and today.